Mark Ingham's Fundamental analysis
31 July 2017
Naspers Discount Update
Share price: NPN:SJ R2890
Recommendation: A Trading Buy and Portfolio Buy maintained.
Naspers has gone from R2613 at the time of my last note on 12 July (“Hero Delivery”) to R2890, a rise of 10,6%. Tencent has done slightly better in HK$. Tencent in the 12 July note was HK$281 whereas today it is HK$313, up 11,4%. Furthermore, the rand has strengthened from R13,38/$ to R13,13 today.
At R2890, the Naspers discount to its stake in Tencent is 26%, barely budging.
To put this in perspective, the negative difference between the see-through-value of the Tencent stake and the Naspers market cap is R427 billion or $32,5 billion. This is again a record in absolute money of the day.
I mentioned that what had been a 15% to 20% range some months ago has now broken lower in recent weeks to above 25%. This is a large derating and the recent trading suggests that it is possibly becoming a new lower level, for now. The derating is even more significant when we see it in the context of a premium to the see-through-value of up to 30% five years ago.
To illustrate, a 15% discount would translate to a Naspers price of R3300, 14% higher than currently, whereas even a 20% discount would translate to a price of R3100, over 7% higher.
Risk in the share price on a relative basis has possibly subsided. SA shareholders were shielded in rand terms (not dollar terms) from the substantial underperformance relative to Tencent- the share went up but disproportionately less than Tencent whilst rand weakness was also a compensating factor in creating money illusion. Naspers grew by 474% in five years, but only by 260% in USD. Tencent meantime grew by 500% in USD, meaning Tencent outpaced Naspers by a factor of almost 2x in real money.
Given the large discount today of 26% it means the only downside, for now, is if Tencent weakens and Naspers follows that, depending on where we are on the currency crosses. A narrowing discount from a trading point of view is typically a good time to sell with a widening a time to buy again – although the discount is now quite stubborn at this level with no material deviation yet apparent, either way.
31 July 2017
12 JULY 2017
"A Hero Delivery..."
Share price ZAR: R2613
Net shares in issue: 431,3 million
Market cap ZAR: R1 124 million
Trading Buy and Portfolio Buy
What you need to know
My last note on Naspers dated 23 June (see “2017 result ready reckoner”) unpacked the annual results and the ongoing cash burn of the developmental assets. Since then, the valuation disconnect with Tencent has widened with the Naspers discount to its stake in Tencent widening to around 27% from 23%, a new historically high discount.
But of late there has been some better news, albeit modest. Naspers has made a nice uplift on its small stake in newly listed Berlin-based Delivery Hero, the largest online food-delivery company by orders globally. Delivery Hero processed 171 million orders in 2016, growth of 65%, and has 150,000 restaurant partners in over 40 countries. The company is loss-making after six years in business.
Naspers already had an interest in food delivery through iFood, based in Brazil. iFood made a small profit of BRL15 million in 2016 on revenue of BRL171 million. Whilst the Brazilian real currency numbers are small in dollars (the profit is $4,5 million) at least the numbers are heading upward. Orders per month are now 3 million, up from 1,1 million in 2015 and 0,5 million in 2014.
Back in May, Naspers chipped in €387 million to Delivery Hero ahead of a Frankfurt Prime Standard listing on 30 June. From 20 June through 28 June there was a bookbuild and the subscription price was €25,50 per share.
The placement volume, excluding a “greenshoe”, was €865,7 million and together with the greenshoe the total was €995,6 million. The greenshoe provides for the underwriters to sell investors more shares than initially intended if demand warrants it. Total shares outstanding post the bookbuild is 172 million.
The free float of shares of Delivery Hero on quotation is 40%. The largest single investor is Zerena GmbH at 28,7% post the listing (35,7% prior) with Naspers on 10,6% post the listing (10,9% prior). Earlier stage investors therefore made a far bigger uplift on listing. Naspers is represented by one member on Delivery Hero‘s Supervisory Board.
With the Delivery Hero share price at €28,00 the market capitalisation is €4,8 billion (the equivalent of an astonishing R72 billion) so the Naspers stake is worth €509 million, an uplift of 31,5% on the initial €387 million pre-money investment. The €122 million capital gain, or R1,8 billion, is a paltry 0,17% of the Naspers market capitalisation of R1,1 trillion.
Five year ago, Naspers cost you R455 per share. At R8,41/$ the equivalent in dollars was $54 per share. Tencent, in which Naspers has a 33,51% interest, cost HK$46 per share. The Hong Kong dollar shadows the US dollar and at a rate of HK$7,75 five years ago Tencent cost $5,97 per share.
Naspers today will cost you R2613 (and for those investing via the Easy Equities platform the benefits of fractional ownership makes this much more affordable). With the rand at R13,38/$ the share price translates to around $195 per share.
In rand, your Naspers share over five years is up 474% whilst in dollars it is up 260%. That doesn’t seem too bad, not least versus the JSE All Share Index which is up 55% in rand over five years and which has flatlined for three years. Not bad that is until we see what Tencent has done.
Tencent today is HK$281 which is $36 at a rate of HK$7,75/$. In US dollar, Tencent is up 500% this past five years, compared with Naspers up by 260%. Tencent has outpaced Naspers by a factor of almost 2x in real money.
I have taken each price data point converted to USD at prevailing rates of exchange on the ZAR and the HK$. In turn, I have formulaically based both Naspers and Tencent to 100.
It is appropriate to standardise on the US dollar because Naspers reports financial results in US dollars and most of Naspers earnings is international, notably China, whilst the Hong Kong dollar shadows the USD and has been broadly unchanged over the period.
The sharp divergence is shown graphically below. The money illusion of rand weakness has boosted Naspers on the JSE but hidden the real underperformance in USD.
Naspers and Tencent based to 100 over five years in US dollar at prevailing exchange rates for the ZAR and HK$
The graph below demonstrates a ratio of the Naspers share price in USD and the Tencent share price in USD. The ratio between the two has narrowed by approximately half to 5,4x.
Ratio of the Naspers share price in USD to the Tencent share price in USD
At R2613, the Naspers discount to its stake in Tencent is 27% which compares with a premium of around 30% five years ago. In other words, Naspers has gone from a substantial premium to the see-through-value of the Tencent stake to a substantial discount. Of some concern is that what had been a 15% to 20% range some months ago has now broken lower in recent weeks to above 25%, which is a relatively big derating.
I mentioned previously that a narrowing discount is typically a good time to sell with a widening a time to buy again and that the material discount to Tencent provides a cushion for possible negative surprises and some headroom for future upside if ecommerce delivers.
Wishing you profitable investing, until next time.
Mark N Ingham
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