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Forex Trading 101 - Education

Barry Dumas


Forex Trading 101

Presented by Barry Dumas, a veteran of the investment market and keen personal trader, has a few tips if you want to start trading forex - the most liquid market out there with over $4 trillion traded daily!

Welcome to the most exciting and most liquid market to trade in the whole wide world, namely the Forex market. Let’s look at a couple of factors and questions to look at when starting out in the Forex market.

What is Forex?

The word Forex, or FX stands for Foreign Exchange. This is how businesses convert one currency to another. Forex is traded by large institutions, Hedge Funds and retail traders like you and I, and is largest market in the world, with trade volumes exceeding $4 trillion a day.

Currency pairs?

Currencies are always quoted and traded in pairs, e.g. EUR/USD - the most traded currency pair in the global forex market.

If we look at the EUR/USD, the EUR is called the base currency or primary and the USD will be your quote or counter currency. If the value of EUR/USD is 1.1136, you will need $1.11 to buy 1 Euro.

When trading forex you are simultaneously buying one currency and selling another.

What is a pip?

PIP stands for percentage in point, it is the smallest price move that a given exchange rate can make. For example: EUR/USD is 1.1136 and moves to 1.1137, this would represent a move of 0.0001 or 1 pip.

Looking at other currency pairs e.g. when trading the Yen as the counter currency to the British Pound GBP/JPY, you will look to the second decimal point e.g. if the value of GBP/JPY is 141.42 and moves to 141.43 this would represent a move of 0.01 or 1 pip.

Majors, Minors and Exotics:

Majors are the most popular forex pairs in the market. These pairs are the main drivers and the most liquid currency pairs of all global currencies. Some examples: EUR/USD, GBP/USD and USD/JPY.

Minors, also known as crosses and refer to currency pairs not associated with the USD. Although not as liquid as the major currency pairs, they do however offer sufficient market liquidity to trade. Some examples: EUR/GBP, EUR/CHF and GBP/JYP.

Exotics, are Emerging Market currency pairs and are the least liquid and least traded pairs in the global forex market, with a select number of brokers providing liquidity. Some examples: South African Rand (ZAR), Mexican Peso (MXN) and the Russian Ruble (RUB).

Forex sessions:

One can literally trade Forex 24 hours a day, 5 days a week. The FX market does not have closing hours like a Financial Market e.g. Equity markets and has 4 main trading sessions:

  • Australian session
  • Asian session
  • European session
  • American session

In general, the liquidity of FX pairs increases during the official opening times of the currency pair e.g. GBP/USD will be more active during European and US market trading times. As a rule, the major currency pairs tend to be more active over the European and American session overlap.

News events:

It is very important to know when key market indicators will be released throughout the trading day, as major news and economic releases can heavily influence the global forex market. It’s imperative to have access to an economic calendar to keep you abreast of key releases around the world. Some of the major data releases and events to take note of are:

  • US NFP (US Non-Farm Payrolls).
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
  • CPI (Consumer Price Inflation).
  • Interest rate decisions.

Central Bank meetings (FED, ECB, BOE, BOJ and RBA).

FOREX nicknames:

  • Australian Dollar (AUD/USD) - Aussie
  • British Pound (GBP/USD) – Cable or Cable Rate
  • New Zealand Dollar (NZD) - Kiwi
  • Canadian Dollar (CAD) - Loonie
  • Swiss Franc(USD/CHF) – Swissy

So, with over 65 currency pairs to choose from, provides traders the ability to trade the movement of these currency pairs in Rand, nogal!

So, what are you waiting for? open your account and start trading with us here at today.


Barry Dumas | Trading Specialist at

Disclaimer: Any opinions, news, research, analyses, prices, or other information contained within this research is provided as general market commentary, and does not constitute investment advice. will not accept liability for any loss or damage, including without limitation to, any loss of profit, which may arise directly or indirectly from use of or reliance on such information. The content contained within is subject to change at any time without notice, and is provided for the sole purpose of assisting traders to make independent investment decisions.

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